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Retouching or moving a photo can easily be done in modern image editing software. One of the popular programs is Adobe's Photoshop, on which this tutorial is based. Other programs have similar tools and can be used in the same way. In fields such as photojournalism and documentary photography, retouching and image changes should be used very moderately.

Why retouch?

Retouching is usually used to remove spots and stains on a photo, due to dust and dirt on the lens and sensor. It can also be used to remove unwanted details in your photo, such as the small pieces of hills that you did not notice when you took the nice landscape image or skin blemishes in the cute photo model you & # 39; ve just made a fantastic portrait of.

Using & # 39; clone stamp & # 39; and & # 39; healing breasts & # 39; tools are straight forward. With the clone stamp & # 39; & # 39; first select the reference point where you want the pixel to be copied. You then proceed to & # 39; paint & # 39; over your unwanted spots that you used & # 39; the brush & # 39; It is best used on large, uniform areas of your image where there is no significant difference in color or texture. If it is not then & # 39; healing brush & # 39; usually provides a better alternative. It is used in the same way, but takes into account the color and texture around the spots you are trying to remove. Most of the time, it will remove the stains with a single & # 39; stroke of the paintbrush & # 39; leaving no traces of rework.

Before submitting my photos to my stock office, I always check the pictures for unwanted places. No agency or photo buyer likes to get a & # 39; dirty & # 39; Submission so it is important to be 100% sure that you receive all of them before handing your photo over to a client. I have developed a small method that makes it easier for me to detect and remove the stains. It's simple, just create an adjustment layer (press F1 for help if you're not sure how to do it), select & # 39; curves & # 39; and makes the contrast very high, especially in the most prone areas such as sky and empty surface. This makes each location stand out clear, easy to detect. Now click on the original background layer to make sure & # 39; s where you work and continue with & # 39; clone stamp & # 39; and & # 39; healing breasts & # 39; tools to remove them one by one. When you are done, remove the adjustment layer again. Now you're sure you've got everyone!

Another great tool for retouching is & # 39; burner tool & # 39; and & # 39; dodge tool & # 39;. & # 39; burner tool & # 39; is used to darken light areas and & # 39; dodge tool & # 39; to lighten dark areas. Set the% ratio to something like 20% and the brush size to what is appropriate for your specific purpose. The nice thing is that you can choose between working on shadows, midtones or highlights only . It is a common problem that the sky is overexposed but quickly sweeps & # 39; burner tool & # 39; over the white sky (after choosing to work with highlights) makes it light gray, as if it were cloudy. For portraits, & # 39; dodge tool & # 39; is great for making teeth in the smiling mouth more white. Because the tools preserve all texture, it looks more natural than actually starting to paint things gray or white.

& # 39; sponge tool & # 39; is also useful for saturating or saturating certain parts of your photo. As with overexposed areas, bright colors draw our attention to them. Use & # 39; the sponge & # 39; to attract more attention to the important parts of your photo and away from the distracting things in the background. And as with all digital changes, use it moderately, no more than just needed. Less is more.

But perhaps the nicest trick of all is this:

Chromatic aberration effects and chromatic sounds that result from high ISO setting on the camera can be a pain to deal with. Noise can be removed with special plug-in filters like NoiseNinja (new Photoshop models have built-in noise and this is becoming more and more common), but they leave everything a little less sharp. Another option is to sadly retouch with small details throughout the day. But there is a small combination that simply works magically when it comes to chromatic interference, try it: Go to & # 39; Filters> Blur> Gaussian Blur & # 39; and set the radius to about 7 px. This will of course make your image completely blurry. But then go to & # 39; Edit> Blur Gaussian Blur & # 39; and select & # 39; Mode = Color & # 39 ;. You won't believe what happens until you try it yourself. Sharpness is restored and all chromatic disturbances have disappeared! It tends to leave your image with a little less color saturation, but it's easy to handle in & # 39; Image> Adjustment> Hue / Saturation & # 39;. You may also want to look for other artifacts. If you find some, they are now easily removed with & # 39; clone stamp & # 39; and healing brush tools described above.